EDP Bandeirante, the power distribution unit of EDP Group in Brazil, has become the third Brazilian utility to install the 3M Aluminum Conductor Composite Reinforced (3M ACCR) for completion of a line upgrade while avoiding problems associated with building larger towers or expanding rights-of-way in an environmentally sensitive area.
3M ACCR provides more than twice the capacity of conventional conductors of similar size without requiring new or enlarged towers, thereby accommodating new demands being placed on the grid without costly and problematic construction, right-of-way expansion or permitting in crowded urban neighborhoods or environmentally sensitive areas.
EDP Bandeirante applied the advanced light-weight, low-sag, high-capacity conductor to a 4.9-km section of a line in eastern S√£o Paulo State that intersects an √Ārea de Preserva√ß√£o Permamente (Permanent Environmental Protected Area).
Tower construction and right-of-way expansion would have entailed lengthy permitting delays, severe costs and logistical problems with respect to the movement and size of equipment, plus the need to build a temporary parallel line while the existing line was de-energized for rebuilding, according to Fernando Peixoto Saliba, EDP Bandeirante‚Äôs engineering, planning and environmental executive manager.
‚ÄúWe originally considered a conventional ACSR upgrade, but the difficulties posed by construction in the protected area were significant,‚ÄĚ says Saliba. ‚ÄúThe innovative 3M ACCR solution saves us a lot of time and expense, allowing us to improve service about one year sooner on a line that was already operating at full capacity.‚ÄĚ
EDP Bandeirante supplies power to 1.5 million customers in the regions of Alto Tiet√™, Vale do Para√≠ba and Norte Coast of S√£o Paulo State. The 3M ACCR installation was done on the two-circuit 88-kV Cesar de Souza line, which serves residential customers in the city of Mogi das Cruzes and major industrial sites.
Two other utilities in Brazil ‚Äď Companhia de Transmiss√£o de Energia El√©trica Paulista, and CPFL ‚Äď recently employed the 3M ACCR in upgrade applications that included river crossings and densely populated communities. Power companies in China, India and Canada, in addition to some two dozen U.S. utilities, also have embraced the 3M ACCR for similar applications.
Tim Koenig, director of the 3M High Capacity Conductor Program, says 3M ACCR‚Äôs growing international use, ‚Äúespecially in those countries whose economies and need for electrical power are most rapidly expanding, indicates that this conductor has become the reliable first-choice solution for upgrades where new construction would pose social, economic and regulatory obstacles. It is a proven, dependable, versatile and technologically advanced problem solver.‚ÄĚ
The conductor‚Äôs strength and durability result from its core, composed of aluminum oxide (alumina) fibers embedded in high-purity aluminum, utilizing a highly specialized and patented process. The constituent materials can withstand high temperatures without appreciable loss in strength, even over long periods of time.
Also, since 3M's ACCR is based on aluminum, it is as not susceptible to environmental conditions such as moisture or UV exposure, as are other traditional conductors, and it has the corrosion resistance typically associated with aluminum-based conductors.